Makki (defense blocking)

Taekwondo is an art of self-defense, in which blocking techniques are highly developed and very important. Taekwondo blocks, known as makki (defense or blocking) techniques are to protect oneself from being attacked by an opponent. Makki use various parts of the arm with the hand and are held in different positions (low, middle, high, knife-hand, closed fist, etc.) to protect against or deflect an opponents attack. Each block is used to defend against a particular kind of attack and may be combined with another punch or kick to make a counter-attack. Below are some of the basic blocks taught in our Adult and Child Taekwondo classes.

Low block – arae makki

This block is for blocking incoming low kicks.

  • The blocking fist is kept apart from the thigh of the fore-leg by the width of two erected fists.
  • The other hand’s wrist is at the waist side.

Blocking - Arae Makki

Middle block – momtong makki

This block is used (for example) if an attacker were aiming to punch you in the chest; using this block would deflect the punch away from your chest.

  • The elbow is kept open at around 90~120 degrees.
  • The blocking fist is kept as high as the shoulder.
  • The wrist should not be bent.
  • The other hand’s wrist is at the waist side.

Blocking - Momtong Makki

High block – olgul makki

This block is used to deflect an attack that comes from above, such as a downward strike.

  • The wrist of the blocking arm comes right in front of the center of the face.
  • The blocking wrist is one fist’s distance apart from the forehead.
  • The other hand’s wrist is at the waist side.

Blocking - Olgul Makki

Knife hand block – sonnal makki

A knife hand block is a block made using a knife hand rather than a fist.

  • The blocking hand is located in a position parallel with the lateral part of the shoulder.
  • The finger-tips are kept as high as the shoulder.
  • The wrist should not be bent, the palm facing the front.
  • The other hand’s wrist is at the waist side.

Blocking - Sonnal Makki

Palm block  – batangson makki

A palm block is a block in which the palm of the hand is used to block.

  • The palm hand is positioned in parallel with the stomach
  • The finger-tips are facing obliquely upward.
  • The other hand’s wrist is at the waist side.

Blocking - Batangson Makki