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Monthly Archives: February 2016

The Korean Flag

The Korean Flag

The Korean flag is called “Taeguk-ki” and consists of three parts: a white background, a red and blue circle in the center of the flag, and four black trigrams surrounding the circle in each of the four corners of the flag. The meaning of the Korean National Flag is very philosophical. The central theme of the flag is that although there is constant movement within the sphere of infinity, there is also balance and harmony. For the Korean people, their flag, TaeGuk-Ki, is a source of pride and inspiration. The Korean flag has been a symbol of the country’s struggle for independence and freedom.

Korean Flag - TaeGuk-ki

The circle in the center is called “Taeguk” and means the origin of all things in the universe. The red and blue sections within the circle represent perfect harmony and balance (heaven and earth, fire and water, good and evil, etc.). The blue section of the circle is called “Eum” and represents the negative aspects; the red section of the circle is called “yang” and represents the positive aspects. “Eum-yang” is the Korean equivalent of the Chinese ”yin-yang”. The white background of the flag symbolizes peace and the purity of the Korean people. The flag as a whole is symbolic of the ideal of the Korean people to develop forever together with the universe.

The four black trigram symbols in the four corners, called Kwe, represent the principle of movement and harmony. The Kwe also carry the idea of opposites and of balance. Each consists of three parallel lines, some of which are broken (split), and some of which are unbroken (solid). Each Kwe has a specific name and represents a particular concepts. In the upper lefthand corner is “Kum” which consists of all solid lines and represents heaven. In the lower righthand corner is “Kon” which consists of all broken lines and represents earth. In the upper righthand corner is “Kam” which consists of one solid line surrounded by two broken lines and represents water. In the lower lefthand corner is “Yi” which consists of one broken line surrounded by two solid lines and represents fire.

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The importance of bowing


Bowing as a sign of respect

The area we practice in is called our Dojang (training area). This is an area that must be respected and recognized as such. The most important thing a beginner Tae Kwon Do student can do is respect the Dojang. You should stop and bow as you walk in the Dojang door — bow to the flags and/or the instructors. In many countries, bowing is the equivalent of handshaking in other countries. It is a sign of respect. The flags hanging at the front of the Dojang recognize and pay homage to South Korea, Tae Kwon Do’s place of origin, as well as the United States. This symbol of respect for one’s country is key to the philosophy of Tae Kwon Do. You should also bow as you leave. You are bowing as a sign of respect to Tae Kwon Do, your instructors, and your fellow students.


To bow, stand with your feet together. bring your hands to your sides and bow at the waist. Bowing demonstrates respect, and the action may also be used as a greeting or a thank-you.

Generally, when addressing the instructors one bows and may engage in a handshake. Shaking hands is done in the Korean fashion, where you shake with the right hand while the left arm is bent horizontally across your front supporting the right arm under the elbow. Then you can shake hands with your right hand, and simultaneously bow.

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General information for students

General information for students

The general information we include on this page for students will help beginning students (and their parents) become comfortable with things they see and hear during Taekwondo class. Please ask your instructors if you need any additional help with the information provided below.

How to Tie your belt

Meaning of the Belt tips

video instructions
General Information - Tie Belt for Students
General Information - Belt tips for students
Each belt tip signifies that the student has reached the level of understanding necessary to proceed to the belt promotion test for that particular technique. Each technique is evaluated during the belt promotion test.

Red Tip: Kicking Combination
Yellow Tip: One-Step Sparring
Green Tip: Form
Black Tip: Breaking
Blue Tip: Sparring


1 : one: hanah : il
2 : two : dool: ee
3 : three: set : sahm
4 : four: net : sah
5 : five: dasot : oh
6 : six: yasot : ryook
7 : seven: ilgop : chil
8 : eight: yadol : pal
9 : nine: ahop : koo
10 : ten: yool : ship

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